Television programming commenced in 1985, and broadcasters include government-owned Nepal Television, which has two channels, and private broadcasters Nepal One, Shangri-La, and Space Time Network. All private television broadcasters have experienced financial losses and content restrictions. Foreign programs can be accessed via satellite or cable. Statistics on viewership are not available, but it is estimated at less than 15 percent of the population.
Television in Nepal started with Nepal Television in January 1985. It was launched as a project under the sixth development plan (1980-1985) with the slogan “Communication for Development”. It was set up with a broad mission statement, “Produce and telecast programs on educational, religious and cultural conservation to promote national unity, conserve heritage and promote national interest”. It was part of a research project to study the feasibility of establishing television to ascertain if this was econcomically and technically possible. It had a monopoly for over 15 years.